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What is Bariatric Surgery, Anyway?

Bariatric Surgery

A significant portion of the population—especially those in Western societies—struggle to lose and maintain healthy weights.  While diet and exercise are commonly prescribed for weight loss, they may not be enough for people who have a lot of weight to lose.   Bariatric Surgery–which is actually a family of procedures designed to surgically restructure the path of digestion—is often considered an alternative.


Bariatric Surgeries are typically performed on individuals who are seriously overweight (obese) and who face long-term health complications, such as cardiovascular problems and Type 2 diabetes.  Bariatric Procedures therefore are usually reserved for candidates who have a certain body mass index (BMI), usually one over 35, and who are free of other health issues, called co-morbidities, such as diabetes, hypertension, or sleep apnea.  A Bariatric Surgeon is best qualified to determine if someone is a candidate for surgery.


Procedures involve some type of “Bypass,” which decreases the size of the stomach, and/or directs food directly to the small intestine for digestion.  Common procedures include a Gastric Bypass (called Roux-en-Y), gastric sleeves, or bands.  These operations are designed to cause the patient to feel full on lesser amounts of food.  Weight loss gradually occurs as patients learn to eat less to accommodate the smaller area that hold can food.  In fact, patients can lose significant amounts of weight if they adapt new lifestyles.   

Bariatric Procedures are mostly done laparoscopically, involving small incisions through which instruments and a camera are inserted.  Patients usually can expect a two- or three-day hospital stay following surgery to watch for complications.  Preparation for the surgery may begin weeks prior, during which the patient is given a regimen of protein drinks and supplements and refrains from consuming high-fat and high-carbohydrate foods.  Such a diet—in addition to eating smaller meals and maintaining an exercise program—will be followed long-term after the surgery.  Patients’ nutrition levels must be carefully monitored to make sure they absorb sufficient nourishment in the now-smaller area of digestion.

Like all surgeries, Bariatric Surgery is a serious step, but having a qualified surgeon in a top-rate medical facility minimizes any risk.  The result of having a longer, healthier, and more enjoyable life can be easily worth the time it takes, from the planning through the recovery stages.  A Bariatric Specialist can discuss the pros and cons with you to help you decide.

At New City Med you will find Bariatric Surgeons in Tijuana to treat obesity and disease prevention. Browse our website to find your doctor, and if you need more information write to us at the email or call us at (+52) 664 231 78 88. We will gladly assist you.

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